عنوان مقاله [English]
Knowledge in human beings is spiritual attribute that narrates from the real. Suspicion is also a spiritual attribute that has this feature. Knowledge, in terms of certainty, has two instances: first, what is the possibility of its opposite is zero and is intellectually impossible, such as the result of the sum of two with two is four. Second, what is the possibility of its opposite is not intellectually impossible but rationales do not pay attention to it. The knowledge derived from the news of the person who is valid and there is no evidence against it, as well as the knowledge derived from the appearances of the speech of the wise theologian who expresses his purpose, and there is no evidence to the contrary, is such.
The famous Islamic scholars have called the second instance of knowledge a strong suspicion, or a suspicion of certainty, or a certain and valid suspicion, and its authority has been assigned to jurisprudence, but some scholars called it " common knowledge" and accepted its validity in religious beliefs. The recent view is the one that has been chosen and argued in the present paper. The summary of the argument is that the verses and narratives that believe that knowledge of religious beliefs is necessary or desirable and refuse to choose a belief that is not certain or suspect, does not include strong suspicion (common knowledge). Thus, common knowledge, like logic certainty, is valid and approved by Divine Legislator and there is no difference between religious beliefs and legal injunctions.