نوع مقاله : مقاله علمی - پژوهشی
گروه فلسفه و کلام اسلامی، دانشکده الهیات و معارف اسلامی، دانشگاه قم، قم، ایران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Undoubtedly, one of the most common origins of theism that theologians have long considered is the argument of order. This argument, which in Immanuel Kant's philosophical literature takes the name of physico-theological argument, is based on analogical interpretations in classical interpretations. Kant has a two-pronged view of this argument. Before the period of critical philosophy, he accepted the existence of God by citing the ultimate causes and considered this argument as one of the best proofs of the existence of God; But in the dialectical period of transcendence he does not remain faithful to this belief. In this research, with an analytical-critical method, we tried to answer the question: can the natural-verbal argument be defended against the harsh criticisms of this German philosopher? Although Kant believes that this argument seeks to silence reason by relying on emotion, it has succeeded in persuading man; However, its structure lacks an internal logical necessity. By knowing the description of order mentally, proving the god of the architect and not the god of religions, he does not fully understand this argument. Research findings show that some criticisms stem from Kant's idealist epistemology. And this argument can prove, through simple forgery, the God who created religions without relying on other arguments, and fulfilling its mission.