عنوان مقاله [English]
Ijtihad in theology is not fundamentally different from ijtihad in jurisprudence and other religious and human sciences. The truth of theological ijtihad in the technical and terminal sense of ijtihad is the ability to deduce and prove religious beliefs and defend them using sources and rational and narrative arguments. This meaning of theological ijtihad is the sufficient duty, but its simple meaning, that is, simple rational thinking about the principles of religious beliefs that are within the power of the general public, is objectively obligatory. The subject of discussion in this study is the technical and idiomatic meaning of theological ijtihad, which after stating the truth and its religious ruling, using the narrative-analytical method, its functions of verbal ijtihad in revelatory sources and examples of verbal inferences are explained based on principled rules.