عنوان مقاله [English]
According to what has been narrated in the hadith, historical, theological and commentary books, the Holy Prophet (PBUH) has spoken about the virtues of Amir al-Mu'minin (PBUH) in various cases and at many times in the presence of his companions, one of which is "Hadith Attashbiyyah". Is. According to this hadith, some of the attributes of perfection that are scattered in the divine prophets are mentioned in one place in the case of Imam Ali (AS). Among them are the knowledge and dignity of Prophet Adam, the wisdom and piety of Prophet Noah, the patience and tolerance of Prophet Job, the wisdom of Prophet Seth, the gentleness of Prophet Abraham, the awe of Prophet Moses, the asceticism and worship of Prophet Jesus (pbuh), and the perfection and beauty of Prophet Muhammad (pbuh). Is. This hadith has been narrated with different interpretations by the companions of the Prophet (PBUH) in many Shia sources, especially Sunnis, and there is no doubt about its authenticity. In this research, using the rational-narrative method, the verbal implications of this hadith have been explained. The most important of these features are: equality with all the prophets, superiority over each of the prophets, superiority over other companions of the Prophet (PBUH), infallibility, Imamate and immediate caliphate of Imam Ali (PBUH).