عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
Zoroaster, according to Zoroastrian tradition, went to the court of Kay Goshtasb in western Iran around the sixth or seventh centuries BC and made a claim of prophecy and bringing a new religion; this claim was examined among Islamic scholars and divided the researchers in this field into two groups. Some, with a definite belief, in the prophethood of Zoroaster and reference to the verses and narrations that have spoken about Majus, applying them to Zoroaster, introduced him as one of the prophets with a divine book. Others, relying on Islamic sources and separating Majus and Zoroaster, in a general way raised doubts about the prophethood of Zoroaster. However, what was overlooked when examining the arguments of the two groups was the judgment and evaluation of the prophetic elements of Zoroaster, which was done in this article by referring to the sources of Islamic theology and some contemporary research in a descriptive-analytical manner. And it became clear that the constituent elements of the claim of prophecy of Zoroaster, that is, presenting an ontology contrary to the prophetic teachings, using the acquired knowledge around him, and legislating traditions contrary to the divine religions; also, the invalidity of the claim of a miracle for him and the invalidity of the identification of the book of Zoroaster with the book of the Prophet of the Majus, and the denial of the divine prophets by Zoroaster, when applying the criteria set out in Islamic theology for prophecy, all testify that Zoroaster falsely claimed to be a prophet.